Rev. Dr. Adelokoji Ijaola
The topic I am discussing is very key if our Churches must do mission the way God wants us to do mission. The topic will be approached from different perspectives.
Bible and Money
1. Jesus talked about money consistently
2. There are 500 verses on prayer and more than 2,000 on money and possessions.
3. Sixteen out of Thirty-eight of His parables deal with money and possessions.
Sources of Funding in the Church
The sources come under six broad headings as seen below:
D. Christian stewardship
NEW TESTAMENT PRINCIPLES OF CHURCH FINANCE
What the Church Should Do With Her Money
1. It should pay its own pastors and workers (1 Timothy 5:17, 18; Gal. 6:6; Luke 10:7-10).
2. It should pay for evangelistic and missionary work, including logistic expenses for meetings and training (Acts 18:5; Philippians 4:15, 16; 1 Corinthians 9:4-11).
3. It should give to the needs of the Christian poor: widows, orphans and the less privilege (Galatians 6:10; John 12:8; Luke 10:30-37).
4. It should give to the needs of the non-Christian poor (Galatians 6:10; John 12:8; Luke 10:30-37; Matthew 19:21)
5. It should impact the community it belongs to by doing projects or providing basic amenities.
How the Church Should Handle Her Money
1. Those who lead in spiritual matters should also lead in financial matters (Acts 4:35,37; Acts 11:29,30; 1 Timothy 3:3,8). Let spiritual people handle your finance.
2. Money should be handled in such a way that is defensible against any accusation (2 Corinthians 8:21).
3. Money stewards should be trustworthy people. More than one person should perform every function so that we have accountability (2 Corinthians 8:18-24; Acts 6:3-6).
4. All the money collected must be banked before spending from it.
5. Do not give people opportunity to be tempted with money.
How the Church Should Collect Her Money
1. It should encourage her people to tithe.
2. Collections should be done with sensitivity to the non-Christians (2 Corinthians 2:17; 2 Thessalonians 3:7-9; 1 Corinthians 9:12).
3. Collections should be done in a regular and orderly manner (1 Corinthians 16:1-3).
4. The church Pastor should teach members the many biblical reasons for giving. These reason Include:
Out of gratitude for what God has given us through Christ.
To meet real needs in the name of Christ.
To experience eternal reward.
As a way of experiencing God’s faithfulness to provide for our material needs.
To increase our commitment to God.
To be morally responsible.
To prevent our mission from failing.
To avoid having God remove us from ministry.
BIBLICAL CONCEPT OF GIVING (PHILIPPIANS 4:10-19)
The text for this section is Philippians 4:10-19. This is one of the most used biblical passages when it comes to the reward of giving as seen in verse 19 but rarely used as a commitment to giving.
There are five lessons we can learn from the passage.
1. Concern for the needs of others verse 10
2. Commitment in giving verse 14
3. Consistency in giving verse 16
4. Comfort from giving verse 18
5. Compensation for giving verse 19
We shall examine the above in details:
Concern for the Needs of others verse 10
Glorieta Baptist Assembly was the site of an unusual occurrence during student week in 1968. The large auditorium was filled to capacity with young people representing many states of the nation. During the concluding service of the week, the young people were challenged to experience real involvement in giving. A young man removed his fashionable sport coat and placed it on the platform near the lecturer, explaining that this coat was his offering to meet a need somewhere much greater than his own. His actions set off a chain reaction. In only minutes the platform was covered with similar articles of value given by young people that day. The articles of clothing and jewelry were distributed to individuals who knew only lives of poverty and hundreds of young people left Glorieta having experienced sacrificial giving.
The Philippian Church showed concern for the needs of Paul. They were always looking out for the cause of Paul. To show concern is to show genuine care. Concern also means showing interest in the welfare of others. The New Testament underlines the meeting of man’s needs as a major responsibility of Christian giving. Jesus condemned the self-righteous acts of alms giving by the hypocrites. However, it is clear that he regarded alms giving as a prime duty of men. He commends the Good Samaritan for his spontaneous gift to a stranger in need (Luke 10:29-30). Zaccheus was moved to give half of his goods to the poor after his encounter with Jesus (Luke 19:8). Jesus commanded the rich young ruler to sell his property and give the money to the poor (Luke 12:33). Jesus taught that those who help the poor will be rewarded in heaven. He described giving to the hungry, thirsty, naked, imprisoned as giving to the Lord himself (Matthew 25:31-46). Paul indicated that the only Jewish obligation the Jerusalem council urged on the Gentiles was that they remember the poor (Galatians 2: 10).
In his writing on ‘I’ll give because’… Janet T. Hoffman made a list of some reasons why people give which explains how they feel as seen below:
1. I give because my parents make me to give.
2. I give because I feel bad if I don’t
3. I give because I expect God to give something in return
4. I give because everyone else does
5. I give because it counts on my record
6. I give because my pastor says everyone should
7. I give because I have an extra divine anyway
The Bible is rich with examples of people and groups who gave to meet a need.
The boy who shared his fish and bread with Jesus to meet the need of the people (John 6:5-14).
The man who shared (Luke 10:30-37)
The church that shared (Acts 11:19-30)
Commitment in Giving verse 14
The Philippians Church put their words into action. They went beyond mere talking to acting and doing. They touched Paul where he needed touch most. So many people are living in the realm of wish and not in a world of reality. They met Paul’s need and ministered to him. Concern must be backed with communication and commitment. There is the need to be unique in one’s giving.
There are six fundamentals of Christian giving that leads to commitment:
1. The quality of giving cannot be expected to surpass the quality of the ministry supported.
2. The level of membership giving will not exceed the level of leadership expectancy.
3. A fine understanding of Christian giving can be built only on biblical truths.
4. The giving quality of the members cannot reach new greatness without a corresponding growth in the grace of Christian money management.
5. The giving of members will not prosper except there will be a healthy confidence in the way the church handles and allocates funds.
6. The level of giving will not rise higher than the level of membership involvement in budget making and ministry achievement.
The place most Churches have found themselves is with a membership little involved and little committed. The records of membership committed to giving by the average Church accordingly reveals:
20% of the membership give 80% of the Church income
30% of the membership give 20% of the Church income
50% of the resident membership gives nothing.
Vow and Dedication
The idea of man making a solemn promise or pledge to God that involves the rendering of service to God or extending of a gift to God is an ancient practice. This is an act of commitment in giving. The Philippians Church cannot be said to have made a commitment that was recorded but they had such in their minds. In the Old Testament writings the word vows and dedication are used to describe such commitment. A Vow having been made must be kept at all costs (Deuteronomy 23: 21-23, Numbers 30: 2-16, Judges 11:35).
Biblical Example of Vows:
• Jacob’s vow (Genesis 28:20-22)- His promise was to seek to please God by worshipping and by tithing to Him. This was however on the condition that God would keep him safe during his Journey and give him food and raiment.
• Jephtha’s vow (Judges 11:30-31)- He promised to give the first person coming out of his house on his return from battle provided he is victorious.
• Hannah’s vow (1 Samuel 1:11)- She vowed that if God will give her a son, she will dedicate him to the service of God.
• Nazarene vow –A promise to lead an austere life like the simple life of the patriarch. It was a commitment of life of greater loyalty to God.
There are many vows and they vary in purpose. However, According to Leviticus 27, there are two things that cannot be “Vowed”, these are firstlings and the tithe. These already belonged to God.
The practice of “Vows” started as a voluntary and spontaneous response of man in his dealings with God but was regimented into legality, which requires action.
The abuse of vows has been extensive in ancient and modern times. Malachi indicated where the practice of “vows” was abused. He spoke sternly of a person who making a vow to give, and then seeking to fulfill that vow by sacrifice of a “blemished animal” (Malachi 1:19).
This follows an equally stern denouncement of giving polluted gifts of God. Jesus also describes a gross abuse of “vows” when He referred to a man claiming ‘Corban’.
The Corban is property dedicated to God. The man used this as an excuse not to support his aged parents. The man was seeking to be relieved of the responsibility for his parents and at the same time claim the honor as if he had given to God.
Consistency in Giving verse 16
The Philippian Church gave once and again. There is the need to be consistent in giving. The gift was not a one off thing. There was a time the church could not send to Paul because there was no one to take their gift to Paul (2 Corinthians 8:1-5).
The Church was literally persuading Paul to receive their gift because Paul knew them to be poor and would not want to take advantage of them or be a burden to them.
Giving should be done not out of comfort but of sacrifice. In their extreme poverty, they gave.
It is not only the rich who should give. Everyone should give. It is the consistency in giving that brings comforts and returns as compensation.
For one to be a consistent giver, the stewardship theology must be imbibed. This is balance between the poverty theology and prosperity theology i.e. it is a lead to a balanced life, enjoying God’s abundance while serving others in love.
As Patrick Morley remarked “when you become a faithful steward,
God will guide you into an abundant life”.
Rose McKee opined that God demanded from His people, loyalty and obedience. These two attributes will make a man to be consistent in whatever he does especially in giving. Hoffman believes knowing the reason and being convinced of the reasons of giving will lead to consistency in giving.
Four Reasons That Make People Consistent In Giving As Found In the Bible:
Because God says so (Matthew 10:8, Acts 20:35, 2 Corinthians 9:7) – when God tells you to do something, that should be enough even though there are some other reasons. You should give because God says so.
Because God has blessed me (2 Corinthians 9:8) – making a list of what God has given to you will make you to be thankful and be willing to give more to God. The willingness is what is known as consistency.
Because my gift helps someone in need (2 Corinthians 9:9, 2 Corinthians 9:12)- Money given to the church does not all stay there, some of it go into helping many different people with many different needs. A church should contribute the followings to our cooperative bodies:
Convention = 20% of non-dedicated income
Conference = 5% of non-dedicated income
Association = 2.5% of non-dedicated income
These funds are in turn used to pay staffs, send missionaries to the field, plant churches, etc.
Because I love Jesus (2 Corinthians 9:15) – of all the reasons for you to give, this is the best. Jesus loved you enough to die for you. He gave his life for you.
Since the Philippians church gave out of their extreme poverty, it therefore follows that everyone can give irrespective of financial or social status. Christian giving is not intended to be a once and for all affair. The giving pattern in the New Testament as shown by Paul was built on regular patters, indicating when and how to give. Paul instructed the Corinthians to put something aside in store upon the first day the week (I Corinthians 15:2).
Distinct elements of planned giving as seen in 1 Corinthians 16:2 incudes:
Regular Giving – “On every Lord’s Day”
Planned Giving – “Put aside in store”
Proportionate Giving – “As God has prospered”
The apostle Paul was anxious that the giving of the Corinthian church should not be haphazard but that it be shaped by a plan of consistency. It is called planned giving pattern. Planned given is defined a scheme of action by which the individual schedules his giving on a regular basis at a pre-committed amount. This pattern of giving allows the believer to assure his faithful and continuous expression of personal commitment to God.
For there to be value in Christian giving, there must be progress from belief and practice.
The method of giving may be described in one word: regularly.”
There is much worth in being consistent in giving.
Postponement strains the integrity of Christian stewards and tends to produce nominal Christians.
Nominal Christianity is exposed nowhere more readily than in stewardship. Proportionate giving is another area where Lee was in agreement with Hutchens.
Comfort from Giving verse 18
Paul said he was comforted haven received of Epaphroditus the things that were sent to him. Your giving must always bring comfort to the recipient. One of the ways giving can bring comfort both to the giver and the recipient is when giving is seen as a form of worship. When giving is seen as worship, it will not be seen as a burden or a necessity but will be seen as an act of love.
Worship is man’s response to God in adoring reverence. It is man in love reaching out to give. It includes the giving of honor, and paying of homage to God. True Christian giving is always a matter of worship. It is not a form of paying taxes but it is the loving response of one whose life is committed to God. In the Old Testament there is a starting parallel between the idea of worship and the giving practices of believers. Hutchens gave six characteristics of giving as worship.
1. A gift pleasing to God (Gen. 4:4)- It was not explained why Abel’s gift was pleasing to God and why Cain’s was not. What is evident is that Abel’s regard for God and his desire to please God was reflected in his sacrifice and in God’s pleasure with it.
2. Worship is a gift of the first and the Best- The practice of giving first fruits and the first-born served as a continuing reminder of the relationship between God and man. While other nation offered firstlings of the field and flocks in order to receive blessings Israel did so to honor God. Their gifts were considered as acts of homage and expression of gratitude. The accounts recorded in Deuteronomy 26:1-11 revealed how distinctly this early practice of giving was linked to worship. The first fruit gift is a worshipful way of remembering God’s historic deliverance of His people from Egypt. The account concluded by saying “And you shall rejoice in all good which the Lord your God has given to you and to your house, and the Levites, and the sojourner who is among you”. Giving is shown as being of the first and the best. True giving places first priority to God over all other claims.
3. A gift of Thanksgiving (2 Chro. 29:31, 2 Cor. 9:12)- The Old Testament “thank offering” (or peace offering) was a matter of worship in which a sacrifice expressing thanksgiving to God is offered. In the New Testament, Paul speaks of the Jerusalem offering for the saints as overthrowing in many thanksgivings to God.
4. An offering to God (Phil. 4:18)- Paul described the Philippians gift to him as a “fragrant offering, a sacrifice acceptable and pleasing to God Worship was a vital element in the giving-act. Generally, sacrifices were worshipful expressions of man’s needs of God and his seeking of God’s favor.
5. A response to God’s Grace (2 Cor. 9:8; 8:7)- Man gives because God first loved and first gave to him. Paul teaches that it is by grace that man is able to give to God (2 Cor. 9:8). A favorite expression for a believer- giving by the apostle is a “gracious work.”
6. An act of Worship (I Cor. 16:1-2) – Paul’s appeal to the Corinthians is that “on the first day of the week, each of you is to put something aside and store it up…” (I Cor. 16:1-2 R.S.V). This reflects the practice of Christians to gather for worship on Sunday in recognition of Christ’s resurrection rather than on the Jewish Sabbath. Paul identifies the element of giving as a vital part of the gathering to worship.
Compensation for Giving verse 19
This verse is one of the most misunderstood portions of the Bible and often times quoted out of context. Because of the sacrifice of the Philippian church, Paul offered this prayer and prophetic declaration for them. What was the compensation they were to receive? Their needs will be met also. They will not run out of supply. They will enjoy the riches that is in Christ Jesus. They will be a partaker of the glory of the Lord. A striking thing about the Philippian Church was that they had need themselves, yet they met the needs of Paul. The lesson here is that our needs should not be an excuse for not meeting the needs of others. If we do, there is a reward for it. The church did not give because they wanted a reward. The motive for giving was primarily borne out of love and for a concern to meet the needs of Paul. The followings are compensations for giving:
a) Generous giving produces a generous spirit, an outgoing, generous attitude toward life.
b) The more you practice giving, the more ways you will find to give particularly of yourself.
c) You will feel thanksgiving to God when you see your gifts supplying the needs of God’s people.
d) You will be giving a strong testimony to the world of your new life in Christ.
e) You will cause those who receive your gifts to thank God for you and for the gospel, which prompts you to give.
f) You will bring honor and glory to God through your love and faithfulness.
g) You will find your heart overflowing with peace and joy.
h) You will understand and appreciate a little better the love of God, which caused him to give us the greatest gift, our Saviour Jesus Christ.
i) Material blessing will accrue to those who are obedient to God’s plan of giving.
j) Promotion in your place of work as well as expansion of business horizon
k) You will have conscious fellowship with God.
l) You will experience increase in faith and taking God at His word in other matters.
m) You will have increased strength over temptations. This is because, you will become Christ-like in your character and be honest with God.
n) You will have enlarged usefulness in the master’s service, as you will be entrusted with more and larger duties.
o) You will enjoy increase, spiritual victory and the capacity to enjoy spiritual things.
In motivating the church to increase their giving, the pastor must also increase his own giving. If church members can see their pastor giving cheerfully, they have a tremendous model. Giving cheerfully of oneself and resources demands a fresh spirit that will keep one is touch with the giver of life but the pastor of the church motivates this as he models it. There are four things that a pastor can do to motivate his church to be a mission minded church through giving: be a cheerful giver, develop an awareness of grace, be honest and be a servant of the master.
Biblical Concept of Tithing (Malachi 3:8-12)
The issue of tithing has become controversial in recent times. Some Christians believed that tithing is an Old Testament practice and as such does not have a place in the New Testament. Others believed that tithing is not outdated or old fashioned and believers must still pay tithe as an act of worship and devotion to the Lord. The origin of the tithe is lost in the midst of ancient history. History records that the practice of giving 10% to God is an ancient practice. The practice was not exclusive to Israel but was followed by other nations as part of their worship to their deities. How the practice started is unknown nor is it known how the one-in ten proportions came to be the division amount. An understanding of tithe will be a blessing and open you to a high way of success. To assume that the ancient 10% pattern and the Old Testament tithing-system are the same is an error. The tithing system is based on 10% pattern but it is not the same.
The Tithe in Ancient History
The practice of the tithe.
Tithing as an act of worship was prevalent among practically all-ancient peoples.
Some of the people who tithed as given by various writers on the subject are the Assyrians, Phoenicians, Chaldeans, Persians, Arabians, Babylonians, Indians, Chinese, Romans and Greeks. The Arabians gave a tithe to the god Sabis, and the Carthaginians tithed to Melkarth, the god of Tyre. In Lydia, a tithe of the cattle was given to the gods.
Every known country of importance in the ancient word tithed.
The Purpose of the Tithe among ancient people is twofold: civil and religious.
The Tithe in the Old Testament
Tithing did not originate with Moses in the Old Testament. The tithe seems to have been so deeply ingrained in the thinking of men even before races had their beginning that the tithe found expression in all races.
• Abraham and Melchizedek
The earliest Old Testament reference to tithing is found in Genesis 14:20. The first two biblical references to tithe came as voluntary. Thus the biblical record of the tithe began more than five hundred years before Moses.
• The Vow of Jacob
This is the next reference to the tithe as found in Genesis 28:22. Jacob fleeing from his brother Esau, who had threatened his life, Jacob dedicated himself to God and committed his ways to Him by pledging “of all that this shalt give me I will surely give the tenth unto the.” (Gen. 28:22).
• The Law of Moses
The law of tithe was first introduced in Deuteronomy, then either changed or added to in Numbers. The tithing system under the law is divided into three:
• The Worship Tithe
This is the first tithe. It is known as the Lord’s tithe or the Levite’s or the whole tithe. It was given for support of the Levitical priesthood. Since the tithe was for the service of worship in the tent of meeting, the Levites, the servant in this worship were to receive this tithe for such service. It is dedicated to the maintaining of worship in the house of God. It is found in Leviticus 27:30, 32. Josephus, the Jewish historian called it the tithe of the Levites.
• The Festival Tithe
This is the second of the tithe and it is described in Deuteronomy 12:5-19 and 14:22-27. Three times each year the Hebrew were expected to gather at Jerusalem for the Passover, Feast of Tabernacles and Feast of Weeks. This tithe paid the travel and expenses of the Hebrews during their stay in Jerusalem. Tithed produced and meat were actually consumed by the worshipers as part of the ceremony and ritual of the three feasts. The tithe was also for the maintaining of other feasts that God would command, including even the places where the festival was to be held (Deut. 14:23, 24).
• The Charity Tithe
This is the third tithe and it is found in Deuteronomy 14:28-29 and 26:12-15. It is given only every three years and kept in the local communities for distribution to the needy. These include: the Levites who had no property inheritance, the strangers, the widows and the orphans.
The Tithe in the New Testament
There are five passages in the New Testament, which refer to the tithe or tithing. The acceptance of the tithing somewhere in Jesus’ day was almost universal among devout Hebrews. Hastings was emphatic that Jesus and his disciples obeyed the Hebrew tithing structure, which meant that they gave more than one-tenth and thus should not be classified as tithers in the sense of 10 percent givers but the sense of 231/3 percent givers. If Jesus did not pay tithe, the Pharisees and the Scribe would have picked him up, He would have no moral justification to talk about those putting money in the bag in the temple. The following are places where tithe was mentioned in the New Testament.
Matthew 23:23 – This passage suggests Jesus approved of the tithe but rebuked in strong terms those who take pride in this habit while their lives omitted judgment, compassion, and faith, gave an opposite testimony from that offered by their tithes.
Luke 18:11, 12 – Here we see Jesus’ portrait of an unspiritual tither. He gave the parable to dramatize the truth that a man who fasts and tithes regularly may still be very unlovely and unworthy spiritually. One should not be a prisoner to rituals but to righteousness.
Hebrews 7:1-10 – Here, Jesus is portrayed as a high priest in the order of Melchizedek. The significance of this is that the priesthood of Jesus like that of Melchizedek is a tithe receiving priesthood. Jesus is pictured at the throne of glory receiving the tithes of His followers on earth.
I Corinthians 9:13, 14 – This is an inference to the practice of the tithe. Apostle Paul made the statement thus: “know ye not that they that minister about sacred things eat of the things of the temple, and they that wait upon the altar have their portion with the altar? Even so did the Lord ordain that they that proclaim the gospel should be supported the same way that those who ministered in the Jewish temple; the Levites were supported. The support of the Levites came from tithes of the people. Paul affirmed that the activities of God’s kingdom as carried on under Christ are to be financed by obedience to the age-old fundamental law of the tithe, a law never abrogated by God.
Reasons for Tithing
Should a Christian tithe or why do people have to tithe? Knowing the reasons for tithing will help to answer this question.
1. It is God’s command.
2. It has the promise of divine blessings.
3. It is an expression of gratitude.
4. It makes a better and happier Christian.
5. It makes us partners with God in daily business.
6. It gives a balance to our personal budgets.
7. It places one’s contribution on a business – like basis.
8. It will pave the way to an enlarged missionary program and mission work.
9. It is the smaller portion that seems reasonable.
10. Love is a compelling reason to tithe and give more.
Overcoming difficulty in Tithing
Once an individual decides to tithe, he faces the question how to calculate his tithe. Are there things to be deducted? If so why? How does one handle taxes, medical expenses etc.?
1. A tither gives one tenth of his total income.
2. The tithe is not a tax.
3. A tither will give one tenth of all his increase.
4. A tither may not tithe on dedicated income.
5. Those who have the most problem in determining the tithe are often those who don’t want to tithe.
6. The tithe should be paid to and through the church.
MOTIVES FOR GIVING
Meaning of Christian Giving
1. Christian giving of money is confessing that Christ is the owner.
2. Christian giving of money is grateful worship.
3. Christian giving of money is service.
Right Motives for Giving
1. It is to bless God (1 Cor. 10:31).
2. It is to bless those around us (Luke 16:9).
3. It is to bless ourselves (2 Cor. 9:11).
4. It is to extend the kingdom of God around us.
The Right Motive in Giving
1. The motive of fear.
2. The motive of duty.
3. The motive of self-respect.
4. The motive of compensation.
5. The motive of love.
Wrong Motives for Giving
1. To receive the praise of men (Matt. 6:1-4)
2. The motive of covering up ones greed (Acts 5:1-11)
3. The motive of earning salvation and other spiritual blessings (Ps. 49:7-8)
4. Fourthly, the motive for more wealth (I Tim 6:5)
5. Motives of pity.
6. Motives of fear
We will conclude this teaching by looking at our passage again. There are some things we can learn from the passage which are:
1. Giving to God is an affair of the heart Verse 7
2. Giving to God is an affair of the will verse 7
3. Giving to God is an affair of faith verse 6
• It means to trust God to enable you give what you do not presently have
• It means to trust God and give what you do have
4. Giving to God is an affair of true emotion verse 7
5. Giving to God is universal among Christians verse 7
6. Giving to God is a matter of relativity verse 7
7. Giving to God is a matter of regularly verse 12-15
Practicalizing the Teaching
1. Perusal: Write down any part of the teaching that meant most to you.
2. Personal Application: How can you personally apply these truths in your own life?
3. Write down what you want to do in the short-term and long term.
4. Practical steps to Action: Write down one small step you could take to begin immediately applying the truths and principles of this teaching.
5. Prayer: Write out a prayer to God asking Him to help you in making any changes that these goals would require.
Brooks D. P. Is Tithing Christian? Nashville, Tennessee: Sunday School Board, 1961.
Effectiveness in Clemons Dale. “Pastor, are you Growing in the Grace of Giving” in Church Administration: A Journal for ministry, 1983, Vol 26, no 3.
Cowling Ellis. Lets Think About Money. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1957.
Cunningham Richard. Paper Presented at 1975 National Support of Missions Seminar at Lake Yale, Florida.
Dodd M. E. God’s Financial Plan. NP; Southern Baptist Convention Executive Committee, ND.
Grant Frederich F. The Economic Background of the Gospel. NP, ND.
Hastings Robert J. My Money and God. Nashville, Tennessee: Broadman Press, 1961.
Hoffman Janet T., I’ll Give Because … (Nashville, Tennessee: Sunday School Board of Southern Baptist Convention 1976).
Ijaola Adelokoji and Ariteshoma. Family Finance and Wealth Creation. Lagos: Blem Consultancy, 2013).
McKee Rose Knisley. My Gifts to God. Nashville, Tennessee: Sunday School Board, 1970.
Morley Patrick M. The Man in the Mirror. Brentwood, TN: Wolgemuth & Hyatt Publishers, Inc., 1989.
Nisbet Jan. God will Help you Give. Nashville, Tennessee: Sunday School Board, 1860.
Olmsted Nancy Dalton, The Give and Take of Life (Nashville, Tennessee: Sunday School Board of the Southern Baptist Convention, 1970)
Rice John R. Giving Your way to Prosperity. Wheaton, Illinois: Sword of the Lord publishers, NY.
Sams Oscar E. Tithes and Offering. Southern Baptist Convention Executive Committee tract.
White J.R. Put You in your Giving. Nashville, Tennessee: Sunday School Board, 1970.